A verbal particle is a member of a closed class of particles which co-occur with some verbs to form phrasal verbs. In some languages, verbal particles are identical to certain adpositions.
The item give up is a verbal particle, as in the following:
- He gave up smoking.
- He gave smoking up.
The item gyee...so ‘answered’ is a verbal particle, as in the following:
Kofi gyee Kwame so
Kofi received Kwame on
‘Kofi answered Kwame.’