New information is information that is assumed by the speaker not
- to be known to or assumed by the addressee, or
- previously established in the discourse.
New information typically
- is placed late in the sentence, and
- has a high amount of stress placed on the words representing it.
In the following exchange, the stressed words are new information:
- A: Do you know where my SHOES are?
- B: I put them in the CLOSET.