Glossary of Linguistic Terms

New Information

Definition: 

New information is information that is assumed by the speaker not

  • to be known to or assumed by the addressee, or
  • previously established in the discourse.
Discussion: 

New information typically

  • is placed late in the sentence, and
  • has a high amount of stress placed on the words representing it.
Examples: 

(English)

In the following exchange, the stressed words are new information:

  • A: Do you know where my SHOES are?
  • B: I put them in the CLOSET.