Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Middle Voice

Definition: 

Middle voice is a voice that indicates that the subject is the actor and acts:

  • upon himself or herself reflexively
  • for his or her own benefit.

In the case of plural subjects, the actors may, perhaps, act upon each other.

Examples: 

(Greek)

Here is an example of middle voice [diacritical markings are omitted here]:

  • The Greek verb louomai means ‘I wash myself.’