Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Hypothetical Mood

Definition: 

Hypothetical mood is an epistemic mood that signals that the speaker evaluates a proposition as counterfactual, but otherwise possible.

Examples: 

(Lakhota)

The word tkha signals hypothetical mood, as in the following construction (diacritical markings are not reproduced here):

  • lehayela ma -t?a tkha
  • now lps-die HYPOTHETICAL
  • ‘I could have/ almost died.’