Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Focus

Definition: 

Focus is a term that refers to information, in a sentence, that

  • is new
  • is of high communicative interest
  • is marked by stress
  • typically occurs late in the sentence, and
  • complements the presupposed information typically presented early in the sentence.
Examples: 

(English)

Here are some examples of focused elements:

  • Your books are on the shelf.
  • It was math that gave him trouble.

Glossary Hierarchy