Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Definition

Definition: 

A definition is a thorough description of the meaning of a lexical unit.

Here are the parts of a definition:

  • Synthetic component consisting of the following:
    • Analytic definition
    • Supplemental information
  • Translation equivalents (in bilingual definitions) or near synonyms (in monolingual definitions)
Discussion: 

Parts
     
Here are the parts of a definition:     

Synthetic component consisting of the following:
Analytic definition
Supplemental information
Translation equivalents (in bilingual definitions) or near synonyms (in monolingual definitions)

Examples: 

(Hebrew-English: Bilingual definition)

Lexical unit

Analytic definition

Supplemental info

Translational equivalents

hikkih

To physically impact someone or something with an instrument

Such as a sword, spear, or hand

To hit, strike, stab, cut, or slash

shamam

To have never given birth to a child

With the implication of being empty and emotionally ruined

To be barren or infertile

 

(English: Monolingual definition)

Lexical unit

Analytic definition

Supplemental info

clap

To strike the palms of the hands together

As in applauding

dog

A domesticated canine

Raised in many breeds, commonly kept as a house pet.

NonExamples: 

gloss is not the same as a definition.

Here is a table that compares a gloss with a definition:

Point of comparison

Gloss

Definition

Length

Consists of one or two words

Consists of one or more phrases, sentences, or paragraphs

Specificity

Is a summary of the meaning of the sense, suitable for use with text glossing

Is a full, expanded description of the meaning of the sense

Glossary Hierarchy