Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Contrast In Analogous Environments

Definition: 

Contrast in analogous environments is the difference between two phonetically similar segments that occur in two separate words and have similar adjacent sounds.

Discussion: 

If neither segment has been modified or affected by its environment, the segments are separate phonemes.

Examples: 

(Kaiwa, Brazil)

The segments [p] and [b] contrast in analogous environments in the following words:

  • [opa] 'it is finished'
  • [aba] 'place'

The implication is that /p/ and /b/ are separate phonemes.